Martin luther king jr (january 15, 1929 – april 4, 1968) was an american baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 until his death in 1968. The success of the movement for african american civil rights across the south in the 1960s has largely been credited to activists who adopted the strategy of nonviolent protest leaders such as martin luther king, jr, jim lawson, and john lewis believed wholeheartedly in this philosophy as a way. In martin luther king, jrchristian leadership conference, which promoted nonviolent tactics, such as the massive march on washington (1963), to achieve civil rights he was awarded the nobel peace prize in 1964.
The rev martin luther king jr, second from right, stands with other civil rights leaders on the balcony of the lorraine motel in memphis the day before his assassination (ap. The student nonviolent coordinating committee (sncc) was founded in april 1960 by young people dedicated to nonviolent, direct action tactics although martin luther king, jr and others had hoped that sncc would serve as the youth wing of the southern christian leadership conference (sclc), the students remained fiercely independent of king and sclc, generating their own projects and strategies. Martin luther king jr was by vocation a baptist minister he was in the fourth generation of his family to take up this vocation it is impossible to fully appreciate martin luther king's work without understanding the role that christian thought and inspiration played in his advocacy of human rights.
Martin luther king, jr, original name michael king, jr, (born january 15, 1929, atlanta, georgia, us—died april 4, 1968, memphis, tennessee), baptist minister and social activist who led the civil rights movement in the united states from the mid-1950s until his death by assassination in 1968. In contrast, the leaders of the civil rights movement chose the tactic of nonviolence as a tool to dismantle institutionalized racial segregation, discrimination, and inequality indeed, they followed martin luther king jr's guiding principles of nonviolence and passive resistance. The work and speech of martin luther king, jr, is often referenced, with some encouraging activists to pursue nonviolent protest and to work through existing institutions others view this stance as a sanitized version of king's activism and seek to follow a path of radical resistance inspired by king’s approach.
Martin luther king jr was awarded the nobel peace prize in 1964 for his crusade for civil rights in the united states read the full text of the presentation speech given by chairman of the nobel committee, gunnar jahns, then follow the link for a biography of king. Many of us are familiar with martin luther king jr’s legacy of racial justice and the lasting impact of his work, but we are most likely less familiar with king’s theological evolution. Charles steele jr affiliations: 17 affiliates 57 chapters: website: wwwnationalsclcorg: the southern christian leadership conference (sclc) is an african-american civil rights organization sclc, which is closely associated with its first president, martin luther king jr, had a large role in the american civil rights movement.
The trip’s purpose is to remember the sacrifices of martin luther king jr, especially marking the 50th year of his assassination, and all the unsung civil rights heroes who risked their lives. Martin luther king jr was a baptist minister and social activist, who led the civil rights movement in the united states from the mid-1950s until his death by assassination in 1968. The poor people's campaign, or poor people's march on washington, was a 1968 effort to gain economic justice for poor people in the united statesit was organized by martin luther king, jr and the southern christian leadership conference (sclc), and carried out under the leadership of ralph abernathy in the wake of king's assassination the campaign demanded economic and human rights for. Martin luther king through his engagement with the civil rights movement king remained faithful to gandhian ideals he believed, from a christian perspective, that justice would eventually prevail for the black community if people were prepared to stand up and unite in the noble cause of non-violent resistance.
Fifty years ago, on 4 april 1968, the reverend martin luther king jr was assassinated the night before he died, king gave another of his many evocative speeches this one at the packed mason temple in memphis. Martin luther king, jr was a leader of the civil rights movement who faced enormous challenges in his lifetime his first major protest was the montgomery, alabama, bus boycott of 1955-1956, when. To examine the philosophy of nonviolence developed by martin luther king, jr to consider how this philosophy translated into practice during the civil rights movement to explore the relationship between king's teachings on nonviolence and those of mohandas k gandhi.